Biomass (wood fuel and charcoal) is the major energy source in Nigeria and 95% this biomass was used in the households according to AFREC’s statistics 2018. Biofuels and waste took a considerable share in the total final consumption of the country taking up to 88%. Most of the electricity is generated from Fossil thermal (62%). The rest is mainly generated from hydropower. The electricity generated is mostly used in the households at 57% and industry sector at 16%. In 2018, Nigeria topped the list of countries in Africa that produced crude oil. In this year, Nigeria produced 98,528 kt of crude oil. However, Nigeria is also tops the list of crude oil exporters in Africa in 2018 where they exported up to 93,242 kt of crude oil. This implies that Nigeria exported up to 94.6% of its crude oil. Nigeria's refining capacity is currently insufficient to meet domestic demand, requiring the country to import petroleum products.

Key Figures

200,96 M
Population (2019)
2,23 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
47,98 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
224,45 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
176,73 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
481,74 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)