The energy sector is dominated by the high consumption of the residential sector, which is mainly based on wood resources (wood and biomass remnants). Deforestation has long been a problem for Niger, due to the dominant use of traditional biomass resources by the majority of the population. Nearly all households (86% according to AFREC’s energy balance 2020) of wood/charcoal used as the main cooking fuel. This situation contributes to the increasing deforestation. Inadequate infrastructure could generate high congestion losses, leading to low productivity. The limited infrastructure development in the energy sector has made it difficult to satisfy an increasing potential demand. The dependence on traditional biomass resources has also lead to gender inequality in education and employment, as women are traditionally responsible for gathering fuel wood on a daily basis. Despite the fact that Niger has a refinery and the production represents, 798 ktoe in 2018, it’s depending on imports to cover its energy needs, particularly for gasoline, diesel and petroleum products, which are imported from Persian Gulf countries and Nigeria.

Key Figures

23,31 M
Population (2019)
0,55 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
6,41 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2019)
3,57 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2019)
3,37 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2019)
9,70 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)