According to AFREC’s energy efficiency indicator for residential sector 2019, the rate of electrification rate in Mali have rised to slightly above 42% that can be attributed to the governments focus on mini-grid solutions. The energy demand in Mali is dominated by the residential sector. This consumption is itself dominated by wood and charcoal for cooking. Biomass accounts for nearly 64% of the total final consumption. The pervasive use of biomass for domestic purposes is a contributor to deforestation and respiratory illness in Mali. The challenge for Mali is to meet its growing energy demand with affordable, reliable, domestic and imported energy supplies. Total primary energy supply in 2018 was 5,553 ktoe. Opportunities also exist to develop the capacity of sustainable biomass and biofuels uses, given the strong agricultural base of the economy. In particular, opportunities to scale up biofuels projects, diversifying Jatropha uses for household electrification and to power productive uses for agricultural businesses in rural areas (such as grinders and de-huskers) could be explored further. A specific atlas to estimate the potential of agricultural residues that can be developed for energy generation is under finalization.

Key Figures

19,66 M
Population (2019)
0,88 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
12,19 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
5,55 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
3,89 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
15,66 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)