AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that, the total primary energy supply of Liberia was 1636 ktoe. The current energy situation in Liberia is characterized by a dominance of traditional biomass consumption and low access to poor quality and relatively expensive electricity. This is due to the underdeveloped economy, whose infrastructure was extensively destroyed during the 14 years of civil crisis. As in many Sub-Saharan African countries, woody biomass is the primary energy source for domestic cooking and heating. In 2004, it was estimated that over 95% of the population relied on firewood, charcoal, and palm oil for their energy needs, and in 2018, the proportion had remained much the same. Electricity and petroleum products are mainly used for industry, households and transportation. Kerosene, electricity, and liquefied petroleum gas are used for lighting, cooking, and entertainment by higher income households in urban areas.

Key Figures

4,94 M
Population (2019)
0,62 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
14,23 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
1,64 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
1,19 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
1,66 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)