Energy use in Guinea-Bissau is roughly 0.3 toe per person per year, and is one of the world's lowest. The biomass represents over 95% of the total energy consumed by households in Guinea Bissau. Wood is the dominant fuel with a demand that exceeds 500,000 tons per year, followed by charcoal being the most-used fuel in the capital. The quantity of the biomass used is around 738,000 tons. Guinea-Bissau does not have any indigenous sources of oil, coal, natural gas or hydropower. Therefore, all petroleum products are imported, charging the country's economy with high expenses. According to the energy balance of 2007, the consumption of petroleum products is mainly dominated by the transport sector (40.614 ktoe), followed by electricity production (0.946 ktoe) and the residential sector (0.240 ktoe). Oil consumption and imports are about 0.438 ktoe per day. Total primary energy supply in 2008 was 219 ktoe of which biomass represented 49% while oil 51%. Biomass: The forest areas of Guinea-Bissau are estimated at two million hectares. The available biomass resource is roughly 48.3 million m3. The annual consumption of wood for energy purposes is estimated at 625,000 m3 and leads to a significant reduction of existing forest areas. The available biomass potential from agricultural products, wood processing residues and livestock manure is about 67,000 m3 per year. In terms of biofuels production, there is a potential of roughly 10,000 m3 from cashew, and about 20 hectares of Jatropha plantations.
AFREC’s 2020 energy balance showed that the total generation of electricity up to 2018 in Guinea-Bissau has been heavily reliant on Thermal. However, from 2014 a Guinea-Bissau began recording electricity production based on renewable sources. The total generation of electricity in 2018 was 179GWh with fossil thermal taking 98% of this share.
The biomass represents over 84% followed by oil products that takes 15% and electricity at only 1% of the total fuel shares of the total final consumption. Wood is the dominant fuel with a demand that exceeds 1,400 kt per year, followed by charcoal being the most-used fuel in the capital. Guinea-Bissau does not have any significant indigenous sources of oil, coal, natural gas or hydropower. Therefore, all petroleum products are imported, charging the country’s economy with high expenses. According to the energy balance of 2018, the consumption of electricity is mainly dominated by the household sector (61%) followed by the industry sector (29%). Total primary energy supply in 2018 was 543.74ktoe.
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
Total Final Consumption (2018)