The energy sector is characterized by a dependence on imported petroleum fuels and a large demand for biomass energy resources, the consumption of which creates an excessive pressure over the limited forest reserves, the soils, and the ecosystem. Cape Verde does not have any fossil fuel resources, but consistent (and still mostly unexploited) renewable energy resources.

Due to the strategic position of the country’s ports and airports, approximately half of the fuel imported to Cape Verde is re-exported. The energy balance shows a high dependency on imported fossil fuels418 ktoe. Indigenous energy resources consist essentially of biomass, as wind energy production is limited. There are no petroleum refineries on the islands, only storage facilities. The overall fuel demand of Cape Verde includes diesel, gasoline, kerosene for cooking, LPG, lubricants, marine diesel and Jet A1 fuel. Diesel and LPG are the most important in terms of oil product consumption. The major consumption of LPG is due to the countrys lack of biomass and fossil resources (particularly firewood and coal. This is a problem for households, especially in rural areas, with the urgent need for biomass energy for cooking purposes. Also, due to existing climatic conditions, the status and future potential of biomass energy in the country is very low.

Wind and solar represent 14% in the total energy production in the country. In the total final consumption (TFC), Oil product represent 65% followed by biofuel and electricity respectively 18% and 17%.

Key Figures

0,55 M
Population (2019)
3,60 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
18,61 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
0,24 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
0,19 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
33,76 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)