The majority of the population (about 81%) still relies on wood energy (firewood and charcoal). In rural areas nearly all energy consumed is biomass based. Hence the national average is a consumption of 0.69 kg of firewood per person per day. This ratio can rise in some areas up to more than 1 kg, e.g. if there is no incentive to save fuel or if moisture in the woodfuel reduces the efficiency hence causing a higher woodfuel consumption.

Despite the population growth, there are no real woodfuel shortages felt in most parts of the country at this point in time. Rural families can pick firewood on their way back from the fields without the need of specific wood collection trips towards far away forests. Total primary energy supply in 2018 was 6071.68 ktoe of which biomass 76% and petroleum products 24%. Biomass: In many provinces of Burkina Faso, especially in the Sudano-Sahelian and Sudanian Zone, sufficient biomass resources are available. The production of biomass resources is particularly substantial in the forest areas of the East, West and Southwest.

Key Figures

20,32 M
Population (2019)
0,79 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
12,96 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
6,11 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
5,21 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
14,84 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)