Benin is reliant on electricity imports for a significant share of its energy supply. Reform programmes, including plans for electrification, have been put in place in the country, where only slightly above 40% of the population had access to electricity in 2017.
As with many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Benin's energy sector is dominated by the use of biomass-based energy sources. Traditional fuels such as firewood and charcoal are the most frequently used. Around 97% of rural households rely on firewood for cooking. The unsustainable use of biomass in Benin has contributed to a serious decline in forest cover. Households are responsible for the majority of the total energy consumption, with a total of approximately 83% in AFREC 2020 statistics.
Benin has several crude oil reserves that are officially subdivided into 17 blocks. Seven blocks have already been granted to companies who are currently actively exploring existing resources. From 1982 to 1998, Benin has exploited a small offshore oil field. The cumulated production was estimated as 22 million barrels of crude oil. Potential reserves are assessed at more than 5 billion barrels of crude oil and more than 91 billion Mcm of natural gas. Therefore, several multinational oil companies are investigating sites of local reserves and their availability. Total primary energy supply in 2018 was 5,351 ktoe of which biofuels & waste 54% and oil 46%.
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2020)
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
Total Final Consumption (2018)