AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that  biomass was the dominant energy resource especially in the rural areas accounting for about 65% of total final consumption. The total primary energy supply was recorded at 10,599 ktoe that was contributed to energy sources such as coal, oil, geothermal and hydropower. Currently, biomass energy resources include organic wastes, natural forests and energy crops. In the rural areas, biomass is consumed as household energy. Wood fuel was consumed in the form of firewood in rural areas while in urban areas it is consumed in form of charcoal. Most of the electricity is generated from hydropower. Other sources include fossil power and additionally solar/wind. Biomass dominates the share of total final consumption at 65% followed by oil products at 16%, electricity at 15% and coal at 4%.

Key Figures

17,86 M
Population (2019)
1,31 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
26,56 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2019)
11,33 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2019)
8,52 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2019)
29,57 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)