South is the only country in Africa reporting use of nuclear energy in its energy mix. However, a larger share of its electricity is generated from fossil thermal. Other sources include hydropower and biofuels and waste. South Africa has tremendous biofuels potential when considering the capacity to grow total plant biomass (all lignocelluloses plant biomass),according to conservative estimates. AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that the total primary energy supply  was 131,804 ktoe. Potential energy sources include agricultural residues such as bagasse and cuttings from forestry operations, as well as dedicated energy crops (Jatropha, switch grass, triticale etc.). Household biogas digesters also have a large potential market share, and two landfill gas projects have recently been commissioned near Durban. The total final consumption is dominated by oil products and represent 40%, followed by electricity 20%, coal 20%, biofuel and waste 7% and finally by natural gas 5%.

Key Figures

58,56 M
Population (2019)
6,00 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
95,94 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
132,43 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
64,40 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
428,85 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)