Biomass energy accounts for the majority of the total energy consumed by households. The widespread and inefficient use of traditional biomass (firewood, charcoal) has been proven to cause overexploitation of forest stocks in certain zones, particularly around high concentration urban areas such as Maputo and Beira, environmental degradation, problems to end-users (indoor air pollution) and high CO2 emissions. AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that, the country’s fuel shares of total final consumption mix consists of oil products 40%, biomass (wood, charcoal, and animal waste) 36%, natural gas 4% and electricity at 20%.

Key Figures

30,37 M
Population (2019)
0,50 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
13,89 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
9,79 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
5,27 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
16,30 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)