The total primary energy supply in 2018 was 1,499ktoe of which combustible Renewables and waste 49%, petroleum products 37%, coal 2% and electricity 12%. Most of the biomass, especially wood fuel, was used in the industry sector accounting to about 55% of total consumption. Biomass is not only the major fuel in households, but also the major source of electricity self-generation in the sugar, pulp and saw mill industries. Over the last ten years, an increasing population has placed a high burden on the country's indigenous woodlands and forests, and in certain areas, biomass resources have been coming under pressure. More and more woodland is being cleared for agricultural production and the grazing of cattle, while at the same time the demand for wood fuel is not decreasing. Such localized shortages are having an increasingly negative impact on communities in these areas. Households have to travel further and further to collect wood fuel. This has an immediate impact on the women and children of the households who are frequently responsible for the collection of firewood. This deforestation is also impacting heavily on the environment, with increasing desertification and soil erosion.

Key Figures

1,15 M
Population (2019)
3,94 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
55,23 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
7,39 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2019)
6,79 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2019)
5,61 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)