The African energy transition programme provide a clear understanding of transformations of the energy system needed in the short, medium and long term to achieve the energy transition by identifying frameworks to support the development of sectoral and technological detailed, policy-relevant and country-driven strategies consistent with the national development agenda and the Paris Agreement goal.
The programme is envisioned to transform energy development in Africa, driven by AU Agenda 2063, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Paris Agreement on climate change. Access to affordable clean energy for productive uses and households in Africa can be achieved mainly by introducing and implementing comprehensive policy tools that can transform the African Energy Sector to mostly be based on renewable resources through an integrated approach that facilitates the transformation process and attracts the required investment.
The Programme is the main umbrella under which different policies and programmes fall. It aims to fully mobilize Africa’s own energy resources and potentials; bringing energy to the top of national and regional agendas; and taking approaches that put Africa directly on to innovative, low carbon energy development pathways, avoiding the fossil fuel lock-in now facing most industrialized and emerging economies.
Its implementation is defined around seven strategic Objectives:
- Building the energy infrastructure for economic and social development, starting with agriculture, which employs the largest share of the population but remains at a near subsistence level of production in most parts of the continent;
- Development of the renewable energy sector in alignment with the Paris Agreement, to exploit Africa’s great potential for solar, wind, hydropower and other renewable sources, and build African capacity for developing these technologies;
- Energy efficiency programs for buildings, industry and transport. Such a program should include local manufacturing of efficient equipment, as well as regulatory and behavioural interventions;
- Careful consideration of the possible role of national, regional and inter-continental gas pipelines, where this can be justified from a long-term climate and economic perspective, with recognition of risks of stranded assets and the global need to rapidly move away from fossil fuels;
- Development of an integrated African electricity network, which would greatly decrease average electricity costs across the continent and increase energy sustainability and security;
- Decarbonisation of the energy and other sectors, to put countries firmly on a low- to zero-carbon energy trajectory as well as fulfil national commitments under the Paris Agreement;
- Implementation of a systematic, continent-wide approach to innovation to harness the research and development capacities required to meet all the above objectives.