Libya has virtually no rivers or forest cover and consists to more than 90% of desert or semi-desert. Libyan climate ranges from Mediterranean along the coast line to extremely dry in the interior south. Its potential of biomass is limited and the resources are small which can only be used on an individual level as an energy source. It is not suitable to produce energy. Despite its wealthy oil and gas reserves, according to AFREC’s energy balance 2020, Libya imports certain oil products (13,058 ktoe) such as gasoline due to its outdated refining sector. However, Libya is a net exporter of energy sources by a vast margin. Total crude oil produced in 2018 was 52,846 kt, and exported 46,805 kt in the same year. Natural gas exports in the same period were 3,888 ktoe. With the country holding the largest crude oil reserves in Africa, the domestic oil market is likely to remain export-focused for the foreseeable future. The total primary energy supply in 2018 was 21,057ktoe.

Key Figures

6,78 M
Population (2019)
5,88 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
129,04 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
20,58 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
17,34 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
26,25 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)