Electricity still plays a "marginal role" in North African energy systems, except in Egypt. In 2018, renewable energies only accounted for 4.6% of the region's average electricity production (compared to 25% globally), even though the latter has conditions (among the most favorable in the world) for the region. Exploitation of solar energy and of a “significant” wind potential along the coasts. There are, however, strong disparities between the 5 countries studied: Morocco, where almost 20% of electricity production comes from renewable energies, is a standard-bearer for renewable sectors in the region (focusing among other things on thermodynamic solar energy).
The countries of North Africa have set themselves long-term objectives for the deployment of renewable electricity capacities in their territories, in particular 10 GW in Morocco (against 3.74 GW in 2019) and 22 GW in Algeria (0.7 GW in 2019) by 2030 and 54 GW in Egypt (against 5.5 GW in 2019) by 2035 (when the share of renewables is expected to reach 42% of the national electricity mix). Over the past decade, the production of renewable electricity in North Africa has already "increased by more than 40%", but the initial level of development taken as a benchmark was extremely low.
According to the AFREC Key Africa Energy Statistics in 2018, Northern Africa tops in Africa with the second largest share of Total Primary Energy Supply at 25.68%. The region also managed to get the least share in firewood production at 0.57% and the highest share in crude oil production at 36.87% of the 152,290 kt; meanwhile refinery production of oil constitute 51.96% of the 60,708 kt in Africa. The region also enjoyed toping up the Africa’s share of natural gas at 71.39% of the 153,379Mcm production.
This region also has the largest share of electricity generation at 43.23% of the 369,036 GWh. According to the AFREC Energy Balance, the Total Primary Energy Supply in 2018 for the Northern Africa region was 206, 520.32 ktoe.
Total Primary Energy Supply (2019)
Total Final Consumption (2019)