AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that the total primary energy supply was 14,886 ktoe. Low-grade forms of energy, especially traditional biomass fuels, account for more than 86% of total energy consumption. Most of the biomass was mostly consumed in the household sector at 71% followed by industry at 20% and commerce and public sector at 9%.Electricity generated was mainly used in the industry sector at 66%, households at 22% and commerce and public sector at 12%.

Other renewable sources of energy also contribute to the national energy balance. Electricity is mostly generated from hydropower and a significant amount is also generated from fossil thermal and biofuels and waste. Uganda imports all its petroleum products (1,942 ktoe), as yet, no production recorded yet in the country; although some local production is expected to begin soon. Imports come primarily through Kenya and Tanzania.

Key Figures

44,27 M
Population (2019)
0,83 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
24,12 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2019)
25,50 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2019)
17,01 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2019)
30,49 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)