AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that the total primary energy supply was 20,243 ktoe. The biomass energy resource, which comprises fuel-wood and charcoal from natural forests and plantations, accounts for over 78% of total energy consumption, predominantly due to traditional use in the residential sector. About 94% of the biomass was used in the household sector. Natural gas, hydropower and coal are the major source of commercial energy in the country. Hydropower is considerably a major source of electricity generation. Tanzania is a net importer of petroleum products (3,078 ktoe according to AFREC’s energy balance 2020), which make up the entirety of the country's energy source imports.

Key Figures

58,01 M
Population (2019)
1,05 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
15,09 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
20,29 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
18,27 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
56,23 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)