AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that, the total primary energy supply of Sudan  was 19,172 ktoe. Electricity in Sudan is mostly generated from hydropower and fossil thermal. Household is the major energy consumer in Sudan and biomass as a source of energy contributes to 52% of the total final consumption. This is then followed by oil products at 38% and electricity at 10%. The largest sector that consumes biomass is the household sector at 88% followed by commerce and public sector at 9% and industry sector at 3%. Most of the electricity generated in Sudan is used in the household sector at 55%, commerce and public sector at 21%, industry at 13% and agriculture/forestry at 7%.

Fuel wood, animal wastes, agricultural crop residues, and logging wastes have been used through direct burning in Sudan for many years. However, most of forests and green cover of Sudan are concentrated in its southern region. With the cessation of Southern Sudan to a new state in 2011, Sudan lost 70% of its green cover and it becomes mostly as a semi-desert country. Oil plays a vital role in the economies of both countries. The country is largely self-sufficient and able to export refined as well as crude petroleum products.

Key Figures

42,81 M
Population (2019)
0,75 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
19,47 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
19,44 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
14,73 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
60,92 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)