South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in July 2011. Most of the oil production, as well as forest cover, are now possessed by South Sudan leaving little to the old Sudan, but the country is landlocked and remains dependent on Sudan because it must use Sudan's export pipelines and processing facilities. In early 2012, South Sudan voluntarily shut in all of its oil production because of a dispute with Sudan over oil transit fees. Biomass resources are forests, animal wastes, agricultural residues and sugar cane in South Sudan. The total forests area is estimated to be 75 million hectare in South Sudan Biomass and sugar cane have not yet used for electricity generation. Animal waste in the form of dung is estimated to be 4.5 million tons per year in South Sudan. However, animal waste has not yet used for biogas (Methane) production. Biogas can be used for lighting in the South Sudanese households. Oil plays a vital role in the economies of both countries.
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), oil represented around 57 percent of Sudan's total government revenue and around 78 percent of export earnings in 2011, while it represented around 98 percent of total government revenues for South Sudan in 2011. The IMF projected that Sudan's oil earnings substantially declined following the South's secession. According to IMF estimates, oil accounted for 32 percent of total export earnings and 30 percent of Sudan's total government revenue in 2012. Fuel-wood and charcoal are the conventional sources of energy for most people in South Sudan. Estimates on the contribution of oil and gas to South Sudan energy consumption mix were not readily available as of July 2012. The total primary energy supply of the formerly united Sudan in 2018 (AFREC’s energy balance 2020) was 860 ktoe.
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
Total Final Consumption (2018)