Somalia has the one of the lowest electrification rates in Africa. It has long relied fossil thermal to generate all of its electricity in 2018 (AFREC’s energy balance 2020). 95% of energy consumed is from biofuels and waste followed by oil products at 4% and electricity at 1%. Rural and urban energy needs are primarily wood and charcoal based, though there is an increasing use of oil-based energy in urban areas. With a growth in urbanization, combined with the return of the Somali Diaspora, energy demands will increase. The country relies heavily on imported petroleum for production of electricity. Total primary energy supply in 2018 was 2,998 ktoe.

Key Figures

15,44 M
Population (2019)
0,32 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
8,39 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
3,01 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
1,51 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
1,35 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)