The main energy sources for electricity generation in Rwanda are fossil thermal and hydropower. AFREC’s energy balance 2020 show that  biomass in Rwanda contributed to 92% of its total final consumption. Most of this biomass was consumed in the household sector at 85% followed by commerce and public service sector at 15%. Most of the electricity generated in Rwanda was used in the household sector at 59%, industry sector at 33% and commerce and public sector at 8%.  Charcoal is the source most used in urban areas and is among the causes of environmental degradation. Diesel remains the primary fuel for self-generation in rural areas, and for emergency supply in urban areas. Kerosene is the main fuel used for lighting. Diesel fuel is imported and transported by truck from the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam.

Key Figures

12,63 M
Population (2019)
0,75 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
8,61 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
2,53 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
2,06 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
10,88 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)