The exploitation of forest resources provides wood and by-products that meet most households' energy needs. In the rural villages, firewood and charcoal are still being used as a fuel source, and this traditional fuel impacts the forest and the health of residents. Madagascar is a net oil importer. More than half of the electricity produced in Madagascar is derived from imported fuel. About 76% of the total final consumption of energy is utilize biofuels and waste. According to AFREC’s energy balance 2020 the total primary energy supply in 2018 was 8040ktoe. Biomass in the south has been identified as of a high potential for energy production. Sugar production is high, and bagasse co-generation is common.

Key Figures

26,97 M
Population (2019)
0,52 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
12,87 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
8,07 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
7,01 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
13,63 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)