Kenya’s electrification rates have been increasing over the past years reaching up to 63% (AFREC’s energy efficiency indicator for residential sector 2019) and becoming one of the highest in Eastern Africa. The sources of electricity generation are from a variety of sources such as geothermal, hydro-electricity, solar/wind and fossil thermal. The share of geothermal energy source has been increasing tremendously from 2000 to 2018. Geothermal provides the largest share at 44% followed by hydro power at 34% and fossil thermal at 18% of the total electricity generated. Electricity is mainly consumed in the industry sector at 53% and households at 29% and commerce & public service at 18%.

The main sources of biomass for Kenya include charcoal, wood-fuel and agricultural waste. The Government has identified the existence of a substantial potential for power generation using forestry and agro-industry residues including bagasse. Despite the existence of the refinery, the country relies heavily on imported petroleum for local consumption. Total primary energy supply in 2018 was 22,918 ktoe. Biomass meets up to 65% of Kenya’s fuel shares of total final consumption. This is then followed by oil products at 29%, electricity at 5% and coal at 1%. The households still take a large share of biofuels and waste consumption at 82% followed by commerce and public sectors.

Key Figures

52,57 M
Population (2019)
1,81 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
18,67 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
22,92 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
16,78 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
65,17 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)