Ethiopia’s energy sector is highly dependent on biomass, such as firewood, charcoal, crop residues and animal dung. The bulk of the national energy consumption is met from biomass sources. It is estimated that biomass energy accounted for 85% of total national energy consumption in 2018The growing demand for biomass energy together with increased demand for agricultural output has resulted in an increased pressure on available resources. AFREC 2020 energy balance shows a total primary energy supply of 39165 ktoe. About 82% of the biomass consumed in Ethiopia is used in the household sector and is then followed by the commerce and public sector at 18%. Electricity that is mostly generated from hydro-electricity sources is mostly used in the industrial and residential sectors at 38% and 37% respectively.

Key Figures

112,08 M
Population (2019)
0,83 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
15,17 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
39,58 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
31,93 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
58,39 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)