Traditional biomass fuels, petroleum products and electricity have a significant share in the country’s energy mix. AFREC 2020 energy balanceshows that the total primary energy supply in 2018 was 457ktoe. Djibouti has no indigenous sources of oil, natural gas, hydropower or coal. There is no oil refinery in the country, and as a result, all refined petroleum products including gasoline, jet fuel and kerosene are imported. About 70% of the population lives in the capital of Djibouti-Ville, and another 13% in secondary towns, kerosene is in high demand for household needs such as cooking, but the volatility in petroleum products prices makes it very expensive. Biomass: With the majority of the country being semi-desert, the potential for large-scale power production from biomass is expected to be of limited feasibility. However, no formal assessment has yet been made into the country's biomass potential.

Key Figures

0,97 M
Population (2019)
3,44 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
19,96 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
0,46 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
0,38 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
1,91 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)