Comoros total primary energy supply in 2018 was 259.2 ktoe. In addition, there are two main energy sources in the country: (a) Plant and ligneous biomass, approximately 95% of national demand, are used for households. Other energy sources (electricity, butane gas) have a negligible share (2%). There is no oil refinery in the country, and as a result, all petroleum products including gasoline, jet fuel and kerosene have to be imported, mainly from the Emirates National Oil Company, UAE. Biomass: Oilseed plants such as coconut, sesame, peanut and Jatropha curcas (Barbados nut tree) grow in the Comoros.
No in-depth studies have been conducted on these oilseeds, except dried coconuts, which are transformed into oil for local consumption. Studies could examine the use of Jatropha oil instead of diesel to power motors for vanilla preparation, and aromatic plant distillation and to replace kerosene in lighting. AFREC’s 2020 energy balance shows that the total final consumption (TFC) in the country is dominated by biofuel & waste and represent 56% followed by oil product and electricity respectively 42% and 2%.
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
Total Final Consumption (2018)