Burundi has no indigenous sources of oil, natural gas or coal. There are no oil refining operations in the country. All refined oil products are imported from Kenya and Tanzania. Over 90% of Burundi's energy requirements are met by the burning of wood, charcoal, or peat. Wood consumed mainly for cooking is and will be for a long time the main source of energy for rural households as well as in urban areas. The great majority of the population lives in rural areas and consumes primarily wood for fuel. AFREC 2020 statistics shows a total primary energy supply of 2,805 ktoe with 97% Biomass and Petroleum: 3%. Fuel-wood accounts for the vast majority of Burundi's energy consumption. However, potential wood consumption in the country is forecast to require production of 180,000 hectares, which surpasses the current forest coverage of 174,000 hectares, suggesting the need for reduction of consumption and re-forestation programs.

Key Figures

11,53 M
Population (2019)
0,29 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
10,51 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
2,81 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
2,51 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
2,79 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)