Gabon is the county in Central Africa with the largest share of electrification rate. As per AFREC 2019 energy efficiency indicator for residential sector, more than 90% of the population of Gabon has access to electricity. However, most of Gabon's rural population relies on traditional biomass and waste (typically consisting of wood, charcoal, manure, and crop residues) to meet household cooking and heating needs. The country is a net exporter of crude oil and petroleum products ranking seventh in Africa.

AFREC 2020 energy balance shows that Gabon produced 9,008 ktoe of crude oil and exported about 90% of this production. Total primary energy supply in 2018 was 6,220 ktoe.  The fuel share of TFC in Gabon are biomass 84%, oil and petroleum products 12%, and electricity 4%. Gabon is a heavily-forested country, and biomass still constitutes the majority of the Total primary energy supply of the country. The government of Gabon is part of the International Centre for Carbon Sequestration and Biomass Energy, a platform which provides information on the R&D, financial and economic aspects, and best practices involved in biomass energy production.

Key Figures

2,17 M
Population (2019)
7,77 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
122,88 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
6,22 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
5,12 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
19,91 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)