Cameroon’s electrification rate is above 60% while consumption remains low. Although Cameroon is an oil producing country, the proportion of imported petroleum products in national consumption increased considerably between 1990 and 2018, with imports rising beyond the 56% mark in 2000, before dropping again in 2003. Cameroon's energy balance shows a clear predominance of renewable energy (RE) sources particularly biomass. Despite the clear progress made with commercial forms of energy between 1990 and 2002, biomass is still the predominating fuel source (69% in 2018), with cooking and other residential uses accounting for 96%. The total primary energy supply in 2018 was 10,924 ktoe. Cameroon also has the third largest biomass potential in sub-Saharan Africa. The unsustainable use of this resource has led to significant deforestation throughout the country. Primary uses for biomass in the country include heating and light for the majority of the rural population. Utilization of palm oil for biodiesel is also a viable prospect for the country.

Key Figures

25,88 M
Population (2019)
2,50 kus$
GDP/capita (2019)
18,16 GJ/capita
Energy Consumption/Pop. (2018)
10,94 Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2018)
8,21 Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2018)
2,50 Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)