Unlike the South African region, Central Africa does not produce coal or nuclear power. The most important sources of energy in the region are Oil, biomass, natural gas and hydroelectricity. The production of electricity from geothermal, solar and wind power is practically non-existent.

However, this region is endowed with certain countries with a strong potential in solar and wind energy. Thus, the region should promote the production of electricity from solar and wind.

The region has a considerable hydroelectric potential, of which the DRC alone has around 100 GW, which could currently almost cover all of the continent's needs. The potential of Inga, between Kinshasa and the mouth of the Congo River, is estimated at more than 40 GW, or more than twice the power of the 3 Gorges dam in China, the largest dam in the world. Inga could cover all the needs of southern Africa.

According to the AFREC Energy Balance, the Total Primary Energy Supply in 2018 for the Central Africa region was 70, 109 ktoe. The least share of Total Final Consumption in Africa was taken by the Central Africa region at 6.41%. This similar in its share of electricity generation on the continent at 4.59% of the total shares in Africa. The largest share of total final consumption was dominated by Biofuels and waste at 77% that was consumed in the household sector at 94%. The biofuels and waste was then followed by oil at 17%, electricity at 5% and finally natural gas at 1%. Electricity is produced mostly from hydropower followed by fossil thermals.

Key Figures

142,48M
Population (2019)
1,25Mtoe
Total Primary Energy Supply (2019)
1,22Mtoe
Total Final Consumption (2019)
91,37Mus$ 2010
GDP (2019)

Source

AFREC

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