About the African Energy Commission


AFREC was created by Decision AHG/Dec.167 (XXXVII) of the 37th Summit of the then Organisation of African Unity (OAU) now the African Union (AU) African Heads of States and Governments which was held in Lusaka, Zambia, on 11 July 2001 and was launched by the African Union Ministers in charge of Energy in the meeting held on 15 – 17 February 2008 in Algiers, Algeria through the Algiers Declaration AU/EXP/EN/Decl.(III) with the aim of ensuring, coordinating and harmonising the protection, conservation, development, rational exploitation, commercialisation and integration of energy resources on the African continent.

Constitutive act/Functions of the African Energy Commission

The activities and programs of AFREC are based on AFREC Convention decided by African Heads of States and Governments, Agenda 2063, African Union Commission (AUC) Strategic Plan. As per the convention, AFREC’s mandates are broad and covers all the elements of African energy sector according to Article 3 (Guiding Principles) and Article 4 (AFREC functions) of the convention.

AFREC implements its mandate through five (5) broad pillars/thematic areas, namely:

a) The Energy Information System (AEIS)

b) Energy Efficiency

c) Bioenergy

d) Oil and Gas

d) Energy Transition


Guiding Principles

To ensure AFREC's mandate is achieved, the commission is guided by the following values, namely:

  • Development of the use of energy to promote and support rapid economic and social development, eradication of poverty, combat desertification and improve the standard and quality of life throughout the Member States;
  • Co-operation in the area of energy among Member States, particularly through joint development of energy resources and identification and promotion of regional and/or sub-regional projects;
  • Development and utilisation of sustainable and environmentally sound energy;
  • Acceleration of the implementation of the Abuja Treaty through the integrated, coordinated and harmonized development and utilisation of energy and the development and implementation of energy policies and programmes;
  • Promotion of research and development, and the encouragement of transfer of technology in the energy sector;
  • Enhancement of integration, collective self-reliance, security and reliability of energy supply among Member States;
  • Inter-state, sub-regional and regional co-operation in training and development of human resources in the energy field;
  • Harmonisation of standards and procedures in the energy sector;
  • Promotion of trade and technical assistance in energy among Member States;
  • Promotion of partnership among enterprises and institutions of Member States through, inter alia, the creation of favourable conditions for that purpose; - 5 -
  • Equitable cost-sharing in the implementation of this Convention in a spirit of good governance and transparency;
  • Peaceful settlement of disputes;

Core Functions

AFREC's mandate provides the institutions with a wider role in providing evidence-based energy advisory services derived from evidence-based data and statistics to support AU Member States in pursuit of their national development priority, regional integration of energy resources and developing a sustainable energy market for the African continent in support of Africa's Agenda 2063 for the the development of 'The Africa Want'. The core functions of the Commission are to:

  1. Map out energy development policies, strategies and plans based on sub-regional, regional and continental development priorities and recommend their implementation;
  2. Design, create and up date an energy continental data base and facilitate rapid dissemination of information and exchange of information among Member States, as well as among the Regional Economic Communities (RECs);
  3. Advise and encourage the development of human resources in the energy sector in particular, through training;
  4. Mobilise financial resources to provide to Member States and the Regional Economic Communities with all the necessary assistance for the development of their energy sectors;
  5. Encourage research and development in the energy sector;
  6. Develop trade and transit of energy goods and services among Member States, particularly through the identification and removal of barriers;
  7. Provide technical assistance to Member States, Regional Economic Communities and other stake holders in the African energy sectors; - 6 -
  8. Recommend the use of harmonized standards and procedures in the energy sector;
  9. Establish the necessary mechanisms for the exploitation and utilisation of energy resources of the continent in an optimal manner with the aim of complementarity;
  10. Undertake the harmonisation and rationalisation of energy development and utilisation programmes;
  11. Promote among Member States the identification and the adoption and implementation of effective measures to prevent environmental pollution particularly in the exploitation, transportation, storage, distribution, and utilisation of the continent’s energy resources the control of the system and mechanism for the pricing and tarification of energy;
  12. Work towards the realisation of added value to energy resources in Member States;
  13. Assist in the development and utilisation of new and renewable sources of energy;
  14. Provide assistance in feasibility study for energy projects and its adverse impact on the environment;
  15. Perform any other activity that may be necessary for realisation of the above objectives.